Date: 13-28 February 1988
NOCs (Nations): 57
Athletes: 1,423 athletes (301 women, 1,122 men)
Media: 6,838 (2,477 written press, 4,361 broadcasters)
For the first time, the Winter Olympics were extended to 16 days in Calgary, Canada, including three weekends. The Alpine events were expanded from three to five with the inclusion of the super giant slalom and the Alpine combined. Team events were added in Nordic combined and ski jumping. Jumper Matti Nyk?nen took advantage of this new programme to win three gold medals. The speed skating races were held indoors. Yvonne van Gennip surprised the favourites with three victories. Christa Rothenburger won the 1,000m. Seven months later she earned a silver medal in cycling to become the only athlete ever to win medals in the Winter and Summer Olympics in the same year. Figure skater Katarina Witt defended her Olympic title, while on the men's side Brian Boitano edged Brian Orser in an extremely close decision. Charismatic skier Alberto Tomba made his first Olympic appearance, winning both the giant slalom and the slalom.
In Calgary, Canada, Chinese short-track speed skater Li Yan claimed gold medal in the women's 1,000m and bronze medals in the 500m and 1,500m at the 15th Winter Olympic Games, where short-track speed skating was a demonstration sport.