Judo means "the gentle way" in Japanese. Of course, it is derived in part from jujitsu, the hand-to-hand combat technique of ancient samurai warriors, and everything is relative. While throwing opponents to the floor wins most matches, it is the only Olympic sport where submission holds allow choking an opponent or breaking an arm.
Developed by Dr Jigoro Kano in the 1880s, the sport broke into the Olympic Games in 1964 at Tokyo. The host country could add one sport, and Japan chose judo. Four weight classes were established, and Japanese entries promptly won three.
However, in the fourth, the open class, a 1.98-metre Dutchman named Anton Geesink defeated three-time Japanese national champion Kaminaga Akio before 15,000 people at Nippon Budokan Hall. And then he beat him again. It followed victories earlier in the year over other top Japanese opponents, deeply bruising the theory that a skilled judoka could defeat any opponent of any size.
Chinese Judo Association
IJF Member since:
President: WANG Baoliang
Secretary-General: SONG Zhaonian
Add: A14 Tiantandongli Zhongqu, Beijing 100061, China
Tel: (8610) 67021541
Fax: (8610) 67020296
Scientific Research Commission
A national mass sports organization and member of the All-China Sports Federation. Its highest organ of power is the National Congress, and the secretariat is in charge of the administration work.
Over the years, national competitions at different levels have been held, including National Youth Championships for Men and Women, National Championships and National Champions Tournament. In the meantime, Chinese judoists have taken an active part in various international competitions and major world tournaments, winning medals and titles on many occasions.
To prepare for the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008, the national women's and men's judo teams were formed in January and February 2003 respectively, with the men's training base in Mianyang, Sichuan Province and the women's base in Linyuan Oil Refinery Sports Centre.
To raise the technical level of the sport in this country, the Chinese Judo Association has organized a number of training classes for coaches and referees at national and international levels and attached great importance to strengthening sports exchanges with other national, regional and international organizations.