Chess is a recreational and competitive game played between two players. Sometimes called Western chess or international chess to distinguish it from its predecessors and other chess variants, the current form of the game emerged in Southern Europe during the second half of the 15th century after evolving from similar, much older games of Indian and Persian origin. Today, chess is one of the world's most popular games, played by millions of people worldwide at home, in clubs, online, by correspondence, and in tournaments.
The game is played on a square chequered chessboard with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight square. At the start, each player (one controlling the white pieces, the other controlling the black pieces) controls sixteen pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. The object of the game is to checkmate the opponent's king, whereby the king is under immediate attack (in "check") and there is no way to remove it from attack on the next move.
The tradition of organized competitive chess started in the sixteenth century and has developed extensively. Chess today is a recognized sport of the International Olympic Committee. The first official World Chess Champion, Wilhelm Steinitz, claimed his title in 1886; Viswanathan Anand is the current World Champion. Theoreticians have developed extensive chess strategies and tactics since the game's inception. Aspects of art are found in chess composition.
One of the goals of early computer scientists was to create a chess-playing machine. Today's chess is deeply influenced by the abilities of current chess programs and the ability to play against others online. In 1997, Deep Blue became the first computer to beat the reigning World Champion in a match when it defeated Garry Kasparov by a score of 3.5-2.5. (Credit: Wikipedia)
Chinese Chess Association
FIDE Member since:
President: CHEN Zude
General-Secretary: LIN Feng
Add: 80 Tiantandonglu, Chongwen District, Beijing 100061, China
Tel: (86-10) 67141712
Fax: (86-10) 67115176
Press & Publicity Commission
Technical Training Commission
Junior Working Commission
Promotion & Development Commission
Qualification Appraisal Commission
Women Working Commission
External Affairs Commission
Due to its unpopularity in the country the game of chess was first affiliated to the Chinese Xiangqi Association when it was established in November 1962. With the great achievements made by Chinese chess players in major world tournaments and the increasing popularity of the game in China, the Chinese Chess Association was formed in 1986, with Hong Lin as the President.
Following is a namelist of the national chess team set up in 2002:
Team manager: Lin Feng
Deputy team manager: Li Wenliang
Head coach: Ye Jiangchuan
Deputy head coach: Zhang Weida
Coaches: Xu Jun, Yin Hao, Yu Shaoteng
Men: Zhang Zhong, Bu Xiangzhi, Ni Hua, Zhang Pengxiang, Liang Chong, Wang Rui, Wang Yue, Zhao Jun, Zhou Weiqi
Women: Zhu Chen, Xu Yuhua, Wang Pin, Qin Kanying, Zhao Xue, Xu Yuanyuan, Wang Yu, Li Ruofan, Shen Yang, Ruan Lufei, Huang Qian, Tan Zhongyi
World Chess Federation (FIDE)