Bowling is a game in which players attempt to score points by rolling a bowling ball along a flat surface either into objects called pins or to get close to a target ball. There are many forms of bowling, with the most recent being ten-pin bowling and the earliest dating back to ancient Egypt. Other places where bowling was first seen were ancient Finland and Yemen, and in 300 A.D. in Germany.
Included in the indoor category:
-Ten-pin bowling: In the United States of America and Britain, ten-pin is the best known form of bowling, which in both amateur and professional versions, is also played around the world, making it one of the largest participation activities. The balls have two or more drilled holes in which to insert fingers for gripping the ball. This variation was invented in 1756 by Cornelius Connolly.
-Candlepin bowling: Played in eastern Canada and in New England, a variation of ten-pin bowling, with "double-ended" pins that are the tallest in any bowling sport.
-Duckpin bowling: Commonly found in the mid-Atlantic and southern New England states and eastern Canada, is another variation of ten-pin bowling involving small, squat pins, sometimes with rubber at their widest points (rubber band duckpin bowling). The official small pin is about 9 3/8 inches (24 cm) high and 4 1/8 inches (10 cm) in diameter at its widest part. It weighs no more than 1 pound 8½ounces (700g). The standard duckpin ball has no finger holes. The maximum diameter is 5 inches (13 cm). For duckpins and candlepins, the maximum weight of the ball is 4 pounds 12 oz (1.7 kg).
-Five-pin bowling: Played in Canada.
-Nine-pin skittles: Played in Europe.
-Bumper bowling: Ten-pin bowling played with the addition of barriers to the channels, making "gutter balls" nearly impossible, popular with children's parties.
-Power Wheelchair Bowling: Recent advances have made it possible for people who are severely disabled to bowl alongside able bodied players through use of a ramp that attaches to the wheelchair. This sport is approved by the United States Bowling Congress.
Included in the outdoor category:
-Irish road bowling (Credit: Wikipedia)
Chinese Bowling Association
FIQ Member since:
President: WANG Baoliang
Secretary-General: LI Jiajun
Add: 5 Tiyuguan Road, Beijing 100763, China
Tel: (86-10) 85825993
Fax: (86-10) 85825994
Tenpin bowling is popular in China. The ball, made of a hard rubber-and-plastic composite, is 21.6cm in diameter and no more than 7,264g in weight.
International Bowling Federation (Credit:FIQ)