Summer Sports

Summer Sports

As national mass sports organizations and members of the All-China Sports Federation, the national associations of individual sports are responsible for making decisions concerning general and specificpolicies, plans and management systems, building related teams and clubs, training reserve forces, organizing scientific research and competitions at different levels, promoting technical exchanges and giving nationwide publicity to the various sports.

Winter Sports

Chinese athletes achieved its historical best at the 2002 Winter Olympics, bringing home 2 golds, 2 silvers and 4 bronzes from Salt Lake City. Being a latecomer in winter sports, China owes its rapid progress to the painstaking efforts made over the years. In short-track speed skating and figure skating, China boasts a number of world-class skaters, while in other sports such as skiing and biathlon China has yet a long way to go as far as the overall strength is concerned.

Non-Olympic Sports

While China excels in many Olympic sports, more non-Olympic sports have developed in this country. Among them the most characteristic is wushu, which has always been closely associated with China and enjoys increasing popularity overseas. Chess and weiqi are also popular with a large number of followers. With an improved economic environment, sports like auto racing, billiards, sepaktakraw, rugby and bowling are fast finding a foothold in China.

Ethnic Sports

China has a wealth of traditional sporting events and folk games, many stretching back over a long period of time and featured in traditional fairs, holidays and celebrations. They include dragon dance, kite flying, dragon boat racing, crossbow, and folk-style wrestling. Over the years the National Ethnic Games have been held on a regular basis, and many of the events have developed and gained popularity among people in different countries and regions.
It is widely acknowledged that China has made tremendous efforts in developing its summer sports ever since the founding of new China in 1949. From their partipation in the past seven Olympic Summer Games since 1984 Chinese athletes collected 163 gold, 117 silver and 106 bronze medals, making their contributions to the worldwide development of sports.
For the first time in history, China struck gold in an Olympic winter sport when Yang Yang (A) won both the women's 500m and 1000m short-track speed skating at Salt Lake City 2002. At the Vancouver Winter Games eight years later, China went further by clinching 11 medals, including five golds, two silvers and four bronzes, for an epoch-making seventh place, the first time into top-eight of the Winter Games medal table.
At the 2010 Asian Games, China, as the host country, clinched a total of 416 medals (199 golds, 119 silvers, 98 bronzes), including 35 golds from such non-Olympic sports as chess, karate, roller sports, dragon boat, xiangqi, billiard sports, wushu, soft tennis and dancesport.
The quadrennial National Minority Nationalities Traditional Sports Games have always played a positive role in helping promote the numerous ethnic sports among people of different minority nationalities in China. The last National Ethnic Games in 2011, the ninth edition of its kind held in Guiyang, capital of southwest China's Guizhou Province, featured 16 competitive sports and 188 demonstration events in three (competitive, acrobatic and general) categories.
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