Since 1979 Chinese athletes have taken part in seven Olympic Summer Games, taking a total of 163 golds, 117 silvers and 106 bronzes and making valuable contributions to the global Olympic Movement. Through the Games Chinese athletes have won medals, friends and experience and displayed China's strength to the rest of the world. In China's first full-scale participation in the Olympics in 1984, sharpshooter Xu Haifeng won China's first Olympic gold medal, which was described as "a break through zero."
Since 1980 China has participated in 10 Olympic Winter Games, winning 12 golds, 22 silvers and 19 bronzes. In 1988, Chinese short-track speed skater Li Yan claimed 1 gold and 2 bronzes at the Calgary Games, where short-track speedskating was a demonstration sport. At the Salt Lake City Winter Games in 2002, 26-year-old short-track speed skater Yang Yang (A) twice struck gold in the women's 500m and 1000m to become China's first-ever Winter Olympic gold medalist in history.
China first got involved in the Asian Games by sending a delegation to observe the 1st Asiad in 1951 when the country was barely two years old. China severed its relations with the Asian Games Federation in 1954 because of the Taiwan problem. It was not until 1973 when China was admitted into the AGF, which enabled it to participate in the Asian Games for the first time when it was held in Tehran in 1974. Since the Seoul Asiad in 1986 China has been high on top of the gold medal table for nine times in a row.
The Chinese National Games, regarded as the largest and most important sports extravaganza in China, are modelled on the modern Olympic Games. Over the years the Games, with minor readjustments made time and again to meet the requirements of the "Olympic Strategy" put forward by the national sports authorities, have played a major role in promoting the development of sports in China and helped lay a solid foundation for training and selecting up-and-coming Chinese athletes for major world competitions.
Developed from cultural performances and sports of China's 55 minority nationalities, the Chinese National Minority Nationalities Traditional Sports Games have, since 1953, seen nine editions, with the participation of athletes and teams of different ethnic groups from all over the country. For both participants and spectators, the Games, which are now a quadrennial event featuring a variety of interesting sports events and many more demonstration events, provide a great opportunity for demonstration of multi-ethnic cultures, costumes and, more importantly, the national unity.
2012 London Summer Olympics
The London 2012 Olympic Games, known as a "happy and glorious Games," featured spectacular sporting performances and landmark moments in Olympic history, with passionate fans creating a party atmonsphere across the host country. With a medal haul of 88 (38 golds, 27 silvers and 23 bronzes) at these Games, which was China’s best Olympic results outside the Beijing Olympics in 2008, China placed second after the United States (104, 46-29-29) and was followed by host Britain with 65 (29-17-19).
2014 Sochi Winter Games
In its 10th Winter Olympic Games in Sochi, China led Asia's "Big Three" with a total of 9 medals (3 golds, 4 silvers, 2 bronzes) for a 12th place in the gold medal table, followed by Korea in 13th (3-3-2-8) and Japan 17th (1-4-3-8). Led by speed skater Zhang Hong, short-trackers Fan Kexin, Han Tianyu and Wu Dajin, and freestyle skier Xu Mengtao, a number of Olympic debutants and young talent came to the fore, taking most of the credit for keeping China in the upper-middle class of the world.
2014 Incheon Asian Games
In a total of 439 events contested at the 17th Asian Games in Incheon, Korea, China collected 151 gold medals to keep their dominance at the Asiad for the ninth consecutive times, in addition to 108 silvers and 83 bronzes, followed by hosts Korea with 79-71-84 and Japan 47-76-77.
2013 Liaoning National Games
The 12th Chinese National Games, held in Shenyang and 13 other cities of northeast China's Liaoning Province, featured a smooth running and high-level competitions with the principle of frugality passed on to organizers of future Chinese sports events. For the first time in history, the Games opening and closing ceremonies, both on a low budget, were held in the daytime. For the second time running, Shandong topped the medals tally with 65 golds, followed by hosts Liaoning with 56 and Guangdong 50.5.
2011 Guizhou National Ethnic Games
The 9th Chinese National Ethnic Games were held in southwest China's Guiyang, Guizhou Province on September 10-18, 2011. Rather than a competition for medals, the nine-day, carnival-like meet was more of a happy gathering for over 6,700 athletes from all the 55 Chinese ethnic groups, who competed in 16 competitive sports and entertained local spectators with splendid ethnic performances in 188 demonstration events.
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